Friday, March 19, 2010

தமிழக தலித் இயக்க வரலாறு

gykpoe;j jypj; xw;Wik

vbd;lNuh gy;fiyfof r%ftpay; Nguhrpah; Hugo Gorringe ld; xU Neh;fhzy;.

jypj; milahsj;jpd; mbg;gilapy; jkpo;ehL murpay; jsj;jpy; vOe;j jypj; murpay; fl;rpfspd; cUthf;fj;jpd; kPJ fle;j fhyq;fspy; kpf mjpfkhd tpthjq;fs; vOg;gg;gl;lJ. jpuhtpl ,af;fq;fspdhy; fl;likf;fg;gl;l ngUk; milahsq;fs; rhjpa milahsq;fis jhz;b nry;tjpy; Njhw;WNghdJ kl;Lky;y> jd;Dila Mjpf;fj;jpd; %yk; jypj; gw;wpa Nfs;tpfisAk; xLf;fpAs;sJ. gpuz;l;iyd; - cldhd ,e;j Neh;fhzypy; vbd;gNuh gy;fiyfofj;jpd; r%ftpay; NguhrpaUk; jPz;lg;glhj Fbkf;fs; : jkpofj;jpy; jypj; ,af;fq;fSk; [dehafg;gLj;Jk; vd;w Ehypd; MrphpaUkhd `Pa+Nfh jkpofj;jpy; jypj; ,af;fq;fspd; cUthf;fk;> jpuhtpl ,af;fq;fspd; Nkyhjpf;fk; kw;Wk; jypj; murpaypd; vjph;fhyk; gw;wp NgRfpwhh;. Hugo rhjp> td;Kiw> Nghuhl;lq;fSk; fhty;Jiw Mfpatw;iw gw;wp gy;NtW fl;Liufis vOjpapUf;fpwhh;. mz;ikapy; kJiuf;F te;jpUe;j NghJ ele;j Neh;fhzypy; rpy gFjpfs;.

jkpo;ehl;bYs;s jypj; ,af;fj;ij gw;wp Ma;tz Nkw;nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;fpw fUj;jhf;fk; vg;gb cUthdJ?

kJiuapYs;s jkpo;ehL ,iwapay; fy;Yhhpapy; vd;Dila je;ij gzp nra;jhh;. vdNt ehd; 4 Kjy; 11 taJ tiu jkpofj;jpNyNa tsh;e;Ned. ,e;j fhyf;fl;lq;fspy; vd;dhy; ey;y ez;gh;fis ngw Kbe;jJ. ,q;fpUe;J ehq;fs; nrd;wjw;F gpwF 3 my;yJ 4 Mz;LfSf;F xU Kiw kJiu tUtjw;F tha;g;G vdf;F fpilj;jjhy; vd;Dila ez;gh;fSld; njhlh;ig itj;J nfhs;sTk;> vd;Dila jkpio jf;f itf;fTk; ez;gh;fis re;jpf;fTk; Kbe;jJ.

jypj; ,iwahYf;F TTS xU Kf;fpakhd jskhFk;. kw;Wk; jPz;lhik gw;wp fhe;jpf;Fk;> mk;Ngj;fUf;Fkhd ciuahly;fisAk;> ,q;Fs;s r%f vw;wjho;Tfis mwpe;J nfhs;tjw;Fk; mq;Nf Kbe;jJ. ,sepiygl;lj;jpw;fhf ,e;jpahtpy; jypj;JfSldhd vd;Dila mDgtj;ij 10>000 thh;j;ijfis nfhz;l xU Ma;T fl;Liuia vOjpNdd;. ,e;j Ma;it Nkw;nfhs;tJ vdpJ vdTk;. NkYk; vd;Dila ez;gh;fis re;jpf;f tha;g;G fpilf;Fk; vd;Wk; ehd; epidj;jpUe;Njd;.

vd;Dila Ma;T Neuj;jpYk; $l ehd; epiwa ez;gh;fis re;jpj;Njd;. ePbj;J epiyj;jpUf;Fk; rhjpa Vw;wj;jho;Tfis gw;wp mwpe;J nfhz;Nld;. ,e;j mDgtq;fspd; njhlh;gzpia gw;wp rpe;jpf;Fk; NghJ jypj;JfisAk; mth;fSila ,af;fq;fisAk; gw;wp nghpa mstpy; Mq;fpyj;jpy; ve;j gjpTk; ,y;yhky; ,Ug;gij czh;e;Njd;. vdNt me;j ntw;wplj;ij epug;g Ntz;LnkdTk; epidj;Njd;. ,g;gbj;jhd; vd;Dila Kidth;gl;l Ma;T epiwNtwpaJ. ikf;Nfy; nkh/ghl; Nghd;w mwpQh;fs; (,e;jpahtpy; jPz;lg;glhj r%fq;fs; : mikg;Gk; khWghlw;w jd;ikAk;) rhjp vd;gJ khWghlw;w jd;ikia mbg;gilahf nfhz;ljhfTk; fPo;;epiyapy; cs;s kf;fspd; Nky;jl;L kf;fspd; tbtj;ijAk; cwTepiyiaAk; mbnahw;wp Nghyr; nra;J nfhz;ldh; vdTk; tpthjpg;ghh;. rhjpf;F vjpuhf jho;j;jg;gl;l kf;fs; NguhLfpwhh;fs; vd;W kw;wth;fs; $Wthh;fs; nkh/ghl;bDila vOj;Jf;fs; ntspaplg;gl;ljdhy; ,q;fpUe;j epiyia jPbnud;W khwpg;NghdJ. Njrpa mstpy; jypj; ,af;fq;fs; xUq;fpizaj; njhlq;fpd. NkYk; rkfhy rhjpa cwTepiyfis gw;wp Ghpe;J nfhs;sTk;> rhjpa gbepiyf;Fhpa rthy;fis tifg;gLj;jTk; ehd; tpUk;gpNdd;.

jypj;Jfspd; tho;it #o;e;jpUf;fpw rhjp kw;Wk; Ruz;ly;fs; gw;wpa Ghpjiy tsg;gLj;Jtjw;F cq;fSila Kidth; gl;l Ma;T vt;tsT Kf;fpaj;Jtk; ngw;wJ?

vd;Dila Kidth;gl;l Ma;T jypj;Jfspd; md;whl tho;it vdf;F mwpKfg;gLj;jpaJ> ,af;fq;fspd; cWg;gpdh;fs; gw;wp mwpKfk; fpilj;j NghJ vd;Dila Kidth; gl;l Ma;T ,Jtiu ehd; nrd;wpuhj fpuhkq;fSf;Fk;> efh;Gw NrhpfSf;Fk; vd;id ,Oj;Jr; nrd;wJ. jypj;Jfspd; md;whl eilKiw rpf;fy;fSf;Fk; vt;thW mth;fs; Fbik r%fj;jpw;Fk; murpay; r%fj;jpw;Fk; vjpuhf Ruz;lg;gLfpwhh;fs; vd;gjw;Fkhd kpf El;gkhd fhl;rpGyd;fSf;Fk; vd;Dila fz;fs; jpwf;fg;gl;ld.

,Ug;gl vy;iy cUthf;fk; kw;Wk;; nghJntspf;Fhpa chpikfis kPl;lYk; cq;fSila vOj;jpd; xU Kf;fpakhd $whf cs;sJ. ,e;j fUj;jhf;fk; jypj;Jfis nghWj;jtiuapy; vt;tsT Kf;fpakhdJ?

jypj;Jfspd; Nghuhl;lj;jpy; ,Ug;gpl vy;iy vd;fpw fUj;jhf;fk; ika r%fj;jd;ikia nfhz;bUf;fpwJ Fiwe;jgl;rk; (Nkw;Nghf;fhf) Gjpa jkpofk;> tpLjiy rpWj;ijfs; Nghd;wit murpay; ,af;fq;fshf ngw;w cUthf;fk; kw;w fl;rpfSld; efh;Gwq;fspy; rkkhd epiyapy; Rtnuhl;bfspYk;> nfhb fk;gq;fspYk;> xtpaq;fspYk; ehk; ghh;f;fpd;wij Nghd;W jq;fSf;fhd ,lj;ij ngWtjw;F ,ad;wpUf;fpwJ. mjidg;Nghd;Nw efu vy;iyf;F ntspNaAs;s rpy Ch;fSk;> fpuhkq;fSk; jypj; murpay; FwpaPLfshy; ftdpf;fg;glhkNyNa cs;sd. Mdhy; kpfg; nghpa mstpyhd Nghuhl;lq;fSk;> Aj;jq;fSk; ,e;j FwpaPLfis Vw;gjw;Fhpa gpd; tpisTfis Vw;gLj;jpapUf;fpd;wd. cz;ikapy; jw;NghJ mitfNs xU rpwg;Gr; nra;jpahf ,Ug;gJ kpFe;j Kf;fpaj;Jtk; ngw;wjhFk;. Mdhy; ,d;Dk; nka;ahd epiyapy; efh;Gwq;fspy; cs;s jypj;Jfs; ngWk;ghd;ikahf NrhpfspYk; my;yJ kw;w vy;iyg;gFjpfspYNk njhlh;e;J thoNtz;bapUf;fpwJ. ,e;j tifapy; efh;Gwq;fspYs;s ,Ug;gplk; vd;gJ rhjpapdhNyNa Fwpf;fg;gLfpwJ. thliff;F tPL NjLgth;fsplj;jpy; mth;fSila rhjp Nfl;fg;gLfpd;wd. my;yJ tPl;il thliff;F tpLtjw;F Kd;ghf Nky;rhjpapdhplkpUe;J xg;Gjy; ngw;Wj;jUkhW mwpTWj;jg; gLfpwhh;fs;. fpuhkg;gFjpfspy; ,d;dKk; fpuhkj;jpw;F ntspNaAs;s NrhpfspNyNa tho;fpwhh;fs;. nghJg;ghijiaAk;> nghJthd Mjhuq;fisAk; gad;gLj;Jtjw;F Nghuhl Ntz;bAs;sJ. jpKf murpd; rkj;JtGuk; jpl;lj;jpYk; $l NtWgl;l rhjpapdh; mUfUNf tho;fpd;wdh;. Mdhy; mth;fSf;fpilNaahd cwTepiy FiwTgl;bUg;gij ehk; nghJthf fhz KbfpwJ. NkYk; ,e;j ,ilntspfs; #oYf;F Vw;g khwpf; nfhs;Sk; rhjpa czh;T epiyiaNa ekf;F ntspg;gLj;JfpwJ.

jkpofj;jpd; murpay; #oypy; tp. rpWj;ijfs; kw;Wk; Gjpa jkpofk; Nghd;w jypj; fl;rpfSila cUthf;fk; vt;tsT Kf;fpaj;Jtk; tha;e;jJ vd ePq;fs; fUJfpwPh;fs;?

tp.rpWj;ijfs; kw;Wk; Gjpa jkpofk; Nghd;w fl;rpfSila vOr;rp jypj;Jfis xU murpay; rj;jpakhf Vw;W nfhs;tjw;F jpuhtpl fl;rpfis El;gkhf eph;ge;jk; nra;fpwJ. tp.rpWj;ijfs; fl;rpia vLj;Jf; nfhs;Nthkhapd; ,Jtiuapy; rhjpj;jpUg;gjhf Njhd;wpdhYk; mth;fs; kPjhd Fw;wr;rhl;L vd;gJ tp.rp fl;rp gpw jypj; murpay;thjpfSf;F vjpuhf nray;gLfpwJ vd;gjhFk;. mf;fl;rp jypj;Jfis gpujpepj;Jt gLj;jhky; ,Ug;gjhYk; jPz;lhikapd; vfhh;j;j epiyAld; njhlh;gw;W ,Ug;gjhYk; jw;NghJ mf;fl;rpf;F vjpuhfNt jhf;Fjy; njhLf;fg;gLfpd;wd.

jypj;Jfis neUf;fpf; nfhz;bUf;f $ba gy;NtW gpur;ridfisg; gw;wp ftdk; nrYj;jhky; tp.rp.fl;rp jiyth;fs;

r%fkjpg;G> ek;gj;jd;ik> milahsq;fis cUthf;Fjy;> fle;j fhyk; gw;wp ngUikahd kuig cUthf;Fjy; Nghd;w milahs KjyPl;il tpijg;gjd; %yk; jpuhtpl fl;rpfspd; topahf jpuhtpl Nkyhjpf;fj;ij epWtpaJjhd; ,d;iwf;F jypj; vd;gjd; kPjhd Ma;tid jLg;gjw;Fhpa Kf;fpa fhuzq;fspy; xd;whFk;. ,e;j Nkyhjpf;fj;ij vjph; nfhs;tjw;F vt;tsT Jhuk; jypj; fl;fpfshy; ,aYk; vd;W ePq;fs; fUJfpwPh;fs;?

jpuhtpl Nkyhjpf;fj;ij vjph;g;gjpy; jypj; fl;rpfspd; Njhy;tp vd;gJ gFg;gha;tpw;FhpaJ vd;gijtpl jypj; fl;rpfspd; nraw;ghLfspy; xd;whf ,jid nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;. jypj; tl;lhuj;jpy; (tp.rpWj;ijfs; fl;rpj;jiyth;) jpUkhtstid ahNuDk; xUth; ftdpj;jhy; my;yJ mtUila vOj;Jf;fis my;yJ (tp.rpWj;ijfspd; rl;lkd;w cWg;gpdh;) utpf;Fkhhpd; vOj;Jf;fis ftdpj;jhy; mjpy; ghh;g;gdpaj;ij Ez;zpa gFg;gha;Tf;F cl;gLj;jpaJk;> jpuhtpl ,af;fj;jpd; jhf;fj;jpdhy; fth;r;rp nrhy;yhly;fspy; jypj;Jfs; tpiyf;F thq;fg;gl;lijAk; ghh;f;fKbAk;. ,it xUGwk; ,Ue;jhYk; tp.rpWj;ijfs; 3tJ mzpia cUthf;fpajw;Fhpa Kaw;rpia tpLj;J ,uz;L Kf;fpa jpuhtpl fl;rpfSlDk;> $l;lzpapYk; ,Ue;jJ. jpuhtpl fl;rpfSld; mth;fs; nfhz;bUf;fpw ey;YwT vd;gJ tplhg;gpbahdjh my;yJ Nfhl;ghl;L hPjpapyhdhjh? vd;gJjhd; ,jw;Fhpa Nfs;tpahFk;.

jq;fSila nfhLikfspypUe;J kPz;L vOtjw;Fk; tp.rpWj;ijfs; fl;rpia xU murpay; rf;jpahf epWtf; nfhs;tjw;Fkhd rhpahd efh;thfNt njhlf;fj;jpy; fl;rp ,Ue;jJ. Mdhy; tsh;r;rpepiy vl;bajw;F gpwF me;j mikg;gpw;Fs; gjpyPlhf Ntnwhd;iw mile;J tpl;ljhf Njhd;WfpwJ.

Mk;. rpy rYiffis ngwTk;> xU Fwpg;gpl;l mstpy; tpspk;G epiy kf;fSf;fhf Fuy; vOg;gTk; Kbe;jJ. Mdhy; vjph;g;gpyf;fq;fspd; jiyth;fs; jpuhtpl ,af;f jiyth;fspd; fhybapy; tPo;e;J fplf;Fk; NghJ tpLjiyapd; tbtq;fshfapUe;jjpypUe;J epWtdkag;gl;l tbtj;jpw;F khwpaij ePq;fs; ghh;f;f KbAk;.

jpuhtpl ,af;fq;fspd; fth;r;rpfukhd Ngr;Rf;fs; jypj;Jfis xuq;fl;btpl;L jypj;Jfis xLf;fpAk; mth;fSf;F vjpuhf td; nfhLikfis elj;Jfpw tl;lhu Mjpf;f rhjpfisNa gyg;gLj;jpaJ vDk; Fw;wr;rhl;L cs;sJ. ,J ve;j mstpy; cz;ikahdJ?

jpuhtpl ,af;fk; gpuhkzpaj;ij vjph;j;jJ. Mdhy; xU jj;Jtkhf gpuhkzpa vjph;g;G mikg;gpay; jd;ikapy; ,y;iy. mjw;fhf gpur;rhuKk; Nkw;nfhz;ljpy;iy. FwpaPl;L topKiwfis jth;j;J NtW vt;tifapYk; mikg;gpay; gbepiyia mth;fs; vjph; nfhz;ljpy;iy. ,jd; nghUs; vd;dntd;why; Mjpf;f rhjpad; rhjpa xLf;F Kiwfis ehk; ,d;iwf;Fk; fpuhkj;jpYk; efuj;jpYk; mDgtpj;J tUfpNwhk;. mjpfhu gyj;ij nfhz;lth;fs; gpuhkzh;fs; vd;gjpypUe;J ,e;j Mjpf;f rhjpapdh; mth;fis mfw;wpdhh;fs;. Mdhy; gpuhkzpa nfhs;iffis njhlh;e;J gpd;gw;Wfpwth;fshf ,Uf;fpwhh;fs;. vdNt gpuhkzpaKk; njhlh;e;J nry;thf;F ngw;Wf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ.

nghpahhpd; rdehaf fUj;jhf;fq;fs; ,d;Dk; gydspf;fkNyNa ,Uf;fpwJ. jkpof murpaypy; cs; ,iztpw;fhf td;dpah;fSk;> Njth;fSNk Nghuhl Ntz;bapUf;fpwJ. cz;ikapy; jkpof murpay; tuyhW vd;gNj r%fj;jpy; xLf;fg;gl;l kf;fspd; %yk; fpilj;j ntw;wpapd; tuyhWjhd;. ,d;dKk; murpay;py; Nghl;bapLjy; vd;gJ rhjpa vy;iyfspd; kPJjhd; Ngr;Rk; nray;ghLk; mike;jpUf;fpwJ vd;gijf; nfhz;L jpuhtpl fl;rpfspd; Njhy;tpia tpsf;fyhk;.

,d;Dk; Nghuhl;lk; njhlh;fpwjh?

Mk; td;dpah;fs;> Njth;fSf;F gpwF gs;sh;fSk;> giwah;fSk; Nghuhbdhh;fs; jw;NghJ murpay; ,iztpw;fhf mUe;jjpah;fs; Nghuhbf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhh;fs;. ,it kpf El;gkhf eilngWfpwJ. Vnddpy; rhjp vd;gJ FwpaPlhfTk;> nghUshjhaj;jpd; xU $whfTk; njhlh;fpwJ. eilKiwapy; xU Kf;fpa gz;ghfTk; ePbj;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ. ,jdhy; r%f cwTfs; epiyahdjhf ,Uf;fpd;wd vdf; $Wtjhf MfhJ. xl;L nkhj;jkhf ghh;f;Fk;NghJ rhh;e;J thOk; gytPdk; kpfg; gutyhf jypj;Jfsplj;jpy; cs;sJ. Mdhy; tpspk;G epiy kf;fspd; Kd;Ndw;wk; vd;gJ jw;nray; epfo;thf cs;sNj vd;wp jpuhtpl nfhs;iffspd; %yk; Vw;gl;l tpisthf my;y. rhjpag;gpur;ridfspd; mbg;gilapy; jypj; ,af;fq;fs; xUq;fpidAk; epiyapy; jypj;Jf;fs; mopf;f tpUk;Gk; r%f mikg;ig rhjp vjph;;g;G ,af;fq;fs; gykilar; nra;fpd;wd vd;W ($WtJ) ghh;g;gJ xU Kuz; eifahFk;. ,jw;F gy;NtW fhuzq;fs; ,Uf;fpd;wd. Kjyhtjhf jpuhtpl Nkyhjpf;fk; vd;gJ kpfTk; gyKs;sjhf cs;sJ. jpuhtpl ,af;f jiyth;fs; vtw;iw Ntz;LkhdhYk; Ngr;rpdhYk; rpe;jpj;jhYk; jypj;Jfs; jkpoh;fs; vd;fpw milahsj;ij gw;wpf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhh;fs;. gF[d;rkh[;> ,e;jpa fk;a+dp];l; fl;rp kw;Wk; ,e;jpa khh;f;rp];l; fl;rpapd; Njhy;tpfs; ,jid Nrhjpj;jpUf;fpd;wd. ,uz;lhtjhf jypj; ,af;fq;fspilNa cs;s rdehaf Fiwit ,J ntspg;gLj;JfpwJ. nghpa jiyth;fs; kPJ ftdk; nrYj;JtJ jkpof murpaypd; Mjpf;f tbtj;ij czh;j;JtNjhL gpstpw;Fk;> cah;kjpg;gpw;fhd Nghl;bf;Fk; topelj;JfpwJ. %d;whtjhf ,af;fq;fs; czh;ThPjpahf Fwpg;ghf td; nfhLikfis czh;ThPjpahf mZFfpd;wd. mJ ,af;fq;fSf;F Kf;fpakhdjhFk;. xU Ntis rhjpg; gphpTfSf;F vjpuhf mikg;G rhh;e;J nrayhw;Wtjw;F ,J ,d;wpaikahjjhfTk; ,Uf;fyhk;. tp.rpWj;ijfs; fl;rp gpw;gLj;jg;gl;l rhjpfspypUe;J cWg;gpdh;fis epakdk; nra;jhYk; $l gs;sh;fs; kw;Wk; mUe;jjpah;fsplj;jpy; xU gpbkhdj;ij ngWtjw;F mth;fs; NghuhlNtz;bAs;sJ. ,jd; tpisthf xt;nthU rhjpAk; mjw;Fhpa tPuegh;fisAk;> cahpa MSikfisAk; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd. ,it jypj; xw;Wikf;F gifikia cUthf;Ffpd;wd.

tPu MSikfis gw;wp NgRk;NghJ fle;j fhy jypj; ,af;fqfs; mth;fSila nrhe;j rhjp tuyhw;iwAk; gioa tuyhw;wpypUe;J Gfo;kpf;f tPuh;fisAk; kWfz;lilTf;F cl;gLj;Jk; nraw;ghl;by; ?

rhjpa tuyhWfis tYg;gLj;jYf;fhd tuyhwhf ehk; ghh;f;f ,aYk;. ehk; mth;fSila Kf;fpaj;Jtj;ij Fiwe;j kjpg;gpl KbahJ Vnddpy; mth;fs; Fiwe;jgl;rk; Mjhu FwpaPl;L tbtq;fisahtJ toq;fpapUf;fpwhh;fs;. tpspk;G epiy FOf;fspd; ehl;lj;ijAk;> RafUj;jhf;fj;ijAk; khw;wpaikf;f fUtpfshf gad;gl;Lf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhh;fs;. ,e;j Mjhu FwpaPl;L tbtq;fs; r%f nray;ghl;bw;Fs; jpUk;ghky; ,Uf;Fk; gl;rj;jpy; cs;s Mgj;ij ePq;fs; czutpy;iyah?

Mk;> nghJthd Nghuhl;lj;jd;ikapypUe;J ,af;fq;fis FiwTgLj;Jtjhy; mq;F ,UGwKk; $h;j;jd;ik nfhz;ljhf ,Uf;Fk;. NjNte;jpu Fy Ntshsh;fs; tp\aj;jpy; ele;jijg; Nghd;W jypj;Jfspilapy; cah;kjpg;G rhh;e;j Nghl;bfSf;F ,J topelj;Jk;. me;j fz;Nzhl;lj;jpypUe;J mfpy cyf kdpj chpikfs; gpufldk; 1999> Nghd;w nghJthd gpur;ridfs; gpur;rhuj;jpw;fhd Af;jpfshf tbtikf;fg;gl;ld. ,dNtWghl;bw;F vjpuhd mfpy cyfkhehL rhjpfis jhz;b midtiuAk; xUq;fpizj;jJ. ,t;thwhd tpopg;Gzh;tpw;Fk;> xUq;fpiztpw;Fk; rpwe;j cjhuzkhf mk;Ngj;fhd; Ehw;whz;L epfo;it $wyhk;. mJ ,e;jpah;fs; midtUf;Fkhd jiytuhf mk;Ngj;fiu cah;j;jpaJ. xLf;fg;gl;l kf;fspd; nraw;tPuuhf %iyKLf;FfSf;nfy;yhk; vLj;Jr; nrd;wJ. jypj; ,af;fq;fs; ,t;thwhd Fwpg;gpl;l jsj;jpy (m) epy chpik Nghd;wtw;wpy; rl;likf;fg;gl;lhy; jdpj;j rpy fl;rpfspd; %d;Ndw;wj;ij tpl jypj; tpLjiyapd; kPJ ek;gpf;ifapUf;Fk;.

tpLjiy rpWj;ijfs; fl;rpAld; milahsg;gLj;jg;gl;l vjph;g;G murpaypd; fUj;jhf;fk; mf;fl;rp Njh;jy; murpaYf;Fs; Eioe;jjw;F gpwF mf;$W xU rhjhuz jd;ikf;F jpUk;gpajhf gy;NtW jypj; mwpQh;fs; ek;Gfpwhh;fNs.....?

Njh;jy; murpaypy; neUf;fbapdhy; ,zq;FjYk;> jd; tpUg;gkhf nray;gLjypy; jilAk; ,Ug;gJ jhd; ,jw;F fhuzkhFk;. jpUkhtstdhy; 90 fspy; fpuhkq;fSf;F xl Kbe;jJ. Mdhy; jw;NghJ ,J eilngwTk; ,y;iy. mtuhy; nra;aTk; KbahJ. njhopw;gz;Gj; jd;ikfs;> mjpfhu jd;ikfs; kw;Wk; jkpo; Njrpak; vd;gjd; kPjhd kaf;fj;jpypUe;J gyh; tpLtpj;Jf; nfhz;ldh;. ngUk;ghd;ikahf jypj;Jfis ghjpf;fpd;w gpur;rpidfspd; kPJ kl;Lk; ftdk; nrYj;jhky; nghJthd fl;rpahf khWfpw ,j;jd;ik fl;rpapd; gyj;ij ntspg;gLj;JtJ kpFe;j kfpo;r;rpahf ,Ue;jhYk; rpy njhz;lh;fis kd mOj;jj;jpw;Fk; Ml;gLj;jpAs;sJ. Mdhy; ,e;j Nehapdhy; midj;J ,af;fq;fSk; Jd;gg;gLk; vd;W nghJthf nrhy;yg;gl;L tUfpwJ.

jkpo; Njrpaj;jpw;F Mjutspg;gjd; %yk; jypj; Nghul;lk; Kd;Ndw;wkila ,aYkh> ,y;iyah? vd;gij ehk; Nfs;tpf;Fl;gLj;j Ntz;Lk;. tpLjiy rpWj;ijfs; fl;rp mjd; murpay; $l;lzpAld; ,e;j Af;jpfspd; %yk; rpy rYiffisAk; MjuitAk; ngw;wJ. Mdhy; ,e;j gyd;fis ngWtjw;F vt;tsT ciog;G nrytplg;gl;lJ vd;gij ehk; fz;bg;ghf Nfl;f Ntz;Lk;.

cjhuzkhf tpLjiy rpWj;ijfs; fl;rpia Kf;fpakhd jkpo; fl;rpahf ghh;;;f;fpd;w jypj; ,af;fq;fs; fh;ehlfhtpy; tpLjiy rpWj;ijfspd; xUq;fpidit Nfhgkhf ghh;f;fpd;wd. ,t;thW jypj; xw;Wik gytPdkile;J nfhz;bUf;fpwJ.

,d;Dk; ve;nje;j Jiwfspy; tpLjiy rpWj;ijfs; fl;rp mjpf ftdk; nrYj;JfpwJ?

rpy Kf;fpa gFjpfspy; tpLjiy rpWj;ijfs; fl;rp jq;fis gpd;gw;Wtjw;F kf;fis ce;Jtjpy; njhlh;e;J nrayhw;WfpwJ. kpf rpwpa mstpy; ngz;fSf;fhd Nkk;ghl;bw;Fhpa nray;ghLfSk; ele;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpd;wd. vd;Dila Ehypy; Fwpg;gpl;Ls;s kJiu ghz;bak;khs; mbj;jl;L mstpy; xU rhjhuz nray;ghl;lhsuhf ,Ue;J ,d;iwf;F khtl;l nrayhsuhf cah;e;jpUg;gJ Fwpg;gplj;jFe;j nra;jpahFk;. ngUk;ghd;ikahd murpay; fl;rpfs; caph;g;Gld; nra;y;gLfpd;wd ngz;fSf;fhd nghWg;Gfis mspf;fkhy; ,Uf;Fk; epiyapy; ,e;j Kaw;rp ghuhl;lg;gl Ntz;bajhFk;. ,uz;lhtjhf mth;fs; Ehy; ntspaPLfs;> fiy tpohf;fs; kw;Wk; khehLfs; Nghd;wtw;wpw;fhd ntspia Kad;W cUthf;Ffpwhh;fs;. ,j;jifa jsq;fspy; jpUkhtstd; jypj; gpur;rpidfis gw;wp NgRk; topKiwiag; Nghd;W murpay; jsq;fspy; Ngr ,ayhJ vd;W tpLjiy rpWj;ijfs; fl;rp cWg;gpdh; xUth; vd;dplj;jpNy gfph;e;Jf; nfhz;lhh;. ,Wjpahf tpLjiy rpWj;ijfs; fl;rp jw;NghJ fl;lg;gQ;rhaj;J Nghd;W mOf;F murpay; tbtj;jpy; jd;id rhjpa gbepiyfSf;F rthy; tpLg;gJk; Nehf;fnkdpy; ,J Kw;wpYk; Neh;khwhd topKiwahFk;.

jdp xJf;fPL gw;wpa Nfs;tpapd; kPJ cq;fSila fUj;J vd;d?

mUe;jjpah; xJf;fPl;il gw;wp ehd; kpfTk; Mo;e;J IaKWfpd;Nwd;. muR ,Uf;fpd;w (jypj;JfSf;Fhpa)18% xJf;fPl;il KOtJkhfTk;> KiwahfTk; epug;gpdhy; jdp xJf;fPl;bw;fhd Njit vd;gJ ,y;iy. Kf;fpakhd jypj; rhjpfspy; gytPdkhd rhjpahf mUe;jjpah;fs; ,Ug;gJ cz;ikjhd; vdpDk; ,e;j efh;it rhjp vjph;g;G Nghuhl;lq;fspy; jypj;Jf;;fs; xUq;fpiztjw;F gjpyhf rhjp mbg;gilapyhd Nghuhl;lq;fSf;Fs; jypj;Jfis ghpj;jhSk; #o;r;rp tbtkhfNt ghh;f;f KbAk;. NkYk; ,l xJf;fPl;L gpur;rpid vd;gJ Fwpg;gpl;l jFe;j tifapy; Kf;fpakhdjhFk;. Vnddpy; rkfhy jkpofj;jpy; rhjpapd; epiyj;jd;ik> vd;idg; nghWj;jtiuapy; kpff; FiwthfNt Gdpjk;> jPl;L vd;gjpy; gbe;Js;sJ. khwhf milahsk;> kjpg;G kw;Wk; rhjpg; ngUik ,tw;wpd; kPNj mjpfkhf cs;sJ. ,e;j milahs mbg;gilapyhd murpaYf;F Kf;fpa fhuzpahfTk;> czh;thl;Lk; nghUshfTk; jdp xJf;fPL capuspf;fpwJ Njrpa Cuf Ntiy cWjpaspg;G jpl;lk; Nghd;w nghJthd jpl;lq;fs; Fiwe;jgl;rk; rhjpa vy;iyfis flg;gjw;F cjTfpd;w epiyapy; ,e;j xJf;fPL ngUikf;Fk;> ,opT epiyf;Fk; ,ilapyhd ,af;fj;ij ntd;nwLf;fTk; cjthJ.

murpay; hPjpahf jypj; fl;rpfs; Rahl;rpia ngWtjw;F VNjDk; fsk; cs;sjh?

jypj; ,af;fq;fs; jd;dpr;irahd murpay; rf;jpahfNt njhlq;fpd. Mdhy; jdpahf epw;f KbahJ vDk; ek;gpf;ifapy; jpuhtpl Nkyhjpf;fj;jpw;F mbgzpe;jd. 1999y; 3tJ mzpAk;> ebfh; tp[afhe;jpd; xusT ntw;wpAk; jpuhtpl ,af;f ky;yhj murpaYf;F topapUg;gij ntspg;gLj;jpd. Mdhy; mjid ePbf;f nra;tjw;Fhpa vt;tpj gpur;rhuKk; Nkw;nfhs;sg;gltpy;iy. jypj; fl;rpfs; jkpof murpaypd; md;whl nray;ghl;bypUe;J ,ilapl;L jLf;fg;gl;bUg;gijAk; jkpo; Njrpaj;jpw;fhd mth;fSf;Fhpa tha;g;G tiuaWf;fg;gl;bUg;gijAk;> fth;r;rp nrhw;fspy; nghpahiug; Nghw;wp> ,lj;ij ifg;gw;wpapUg;gijAk; ekf;F czh;j;JfpwJ. jypj; ,af;fq;fs; jpuhtpl fl;rpfspypUe;J tpLgl;L epw;Fk; NghJ kl;LNk mth;fSila jd;dhl;rp chpikia ngWthh;fs;.

cq;fSila jw;Nghija nraw;ghLfs; vd;d?

ehd; jw;NghJ rhjp kw;Wk; rhjpa mbf;fl;Lkhdk; gw;wp Nfhl;ghl;L hPjpahf mjpfk; rpe;jpg;gjw;F epiwa ,yf;fpaq;fis gbj;J tUfpNwd; r%f mjpfhuj;jpd; nray;Kiw %ykhf rhjpaikg;gpd; mbg;gilapy; md;whl ciuahly;fspd; topKiwfs; gw;wpAk; Nahrpj;J tUfpNwd;.

,t;thwhd mbg;gilf; fz;Nzhl;lq;fs;> Vd; rhjp Rje;jpuk; ngw;W 60 Mz;Lfs; Md gpwFk; md;whl tho;tpw;F cUf;nfhLg;gJ njhlh;fpwJ vDk; Ma;tpw;Fs; mioj;Jr; nry;Yk; jkpofj;jpy; jypj; fl;rpfs; kPjhd Ma;tpid njhluTk; Kad;W nfhz;bUf;fpNwd;. me;j Ma;T fle;j 10 Mz;Lfspy; jypj; xUq;fpiztpy; Vw;gl;Ls;s khw;wq;fisAk; gphpj;J fhz;gpf;Fk;. 1999y; ehd; Ma;T Nkw;fz;l mjph;t+l;Lk; jypj; ,af;fq;fs; jypj; fl;rpfshf epiyj;Js;sd. vdNt ,e;j khw;wj;jpd; rpf;fy;fis gphpj;J ghh;f;fTk; ehd; kpfTk; Mtyhf cs;Nsd;.

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